Int J Performability Eng ›› 2020, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (2): 195-202.doi: 10.23940/ijpe.20.02.p4.195202

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Analysis of Local Government Behaviors and Technology Decomposition of Carbon Emission Reduction under Hard Environmental Protection Constraints

Wei Cuia, An-Wei Wana*(), Jun-Chao Fengb, and Zhi-Yuan Zhuc   

  1. aDepartment of Finance & Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, China;
    bDepartment of Foreign Language, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin, 150080, China
    cDepartment of Mathematics and Information Science, Weifang University, Weifang, 261061, China
  • Submitted on ; Revised on ; Accepted on
  • Contact: An-Wei Wan
  • About author:

    Wei Cui is an associate professor at Jiangsu University. His research field is carbon emission reduction.

    An-Wei Wan is a graduate student at Jiangsu University. Her research field is carbon emission reduction.

    Jun-Chao Feng is a lecturer at Harbin University of Science and technology. Her research field is data mining.

    Zhi-Yuan Zhu is a lecturer at Weifang University. His research field is DEA technology

  • Supported by:
    This research is supported by the National Social Science Fund (No. 16BGL210), Initializing Fund of High-level Technical Talents of Jiangsu University (No. 15JDG004, 19JDG001), and National Bureau of Statistics (No. 2019LY84).


In this study, carbon emission reduction (CER) behaviors of each local government of China were analyzed under hard environmental protection constraints from the perspective of the CER policies formulated by China’s central government. Game theory proved that local governments will centralize superior resources to meet the requirements on CER if CER results are uncertain. The Malmquist index also empirically confirmed that China had low carbon emission efficiency before the introduction of a series of hard environmental protection systems in 2015, but the efficiency showed a leap-like increase in 2016 and 2017. Decomposition analysis of the technology used in CER revealed that the enhanced CER was attributed to the efficiency improvement of carbon emission technology. In summary, the implementation of hard environmental protection system was proven to have an immediate effect on CER, and the technical efficiency was confirmed to be the main factor for enhanced CER.

Key words: carbon emission reduction, hard environmental protection constrains, Malmquist index, game model