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Recent Advances in Sustainable Process Design and Optimization

 

 

Publishers

:

World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore

 

Editors

: 

Dominic C Y Foo, Mahmoud M El-Halwagi and Raymond R Tan

 

Title

: 

Recent Advances in Sustainable Process Design and Optimization

 

Year of Publication

: 

2012

 

Pages

: 

796

 

ISBN

: 

9789814271950

 

Reviewer

: 

Krishna B. Misra

 

Status

:

Review Complete

 

The book consists of 21 chapters categorized in 3 main sections as follows:

 

Section 1: Process Modelling

130 Pages

 

 

 

Chapter 1

Estimation of Exergy Dissipation and Cost: The Foundation for Sustainability Assessment in Process Design

62 Pages

Chapter 2

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

14 Pages

Chapter 3

Transport Model for Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis System based on Irreversible Thermodynamics

28 Pages

Chapter 4

Analysis of a Novel Method for Inhibiting Runaway Reaction via Process Modelling

24 Pages

Section 2: Material Resources Conservation and Waste Reduction

218 Pages

Chapter 5

Resource Conservation through Pinch Analysis

26 Pages

Chapter 6

Optimal Water Network with Internal Water Mains and its Industrial Application

35 Pages

Chapter 7

Mathematical Models for Optimal Resource Utilization in Process Industries

37 Pages

Chapter 8

Wastewater Minimization in Batch Chemical Plants: Single Contaminant Media

31 Pages

Chapter 9

Wastewater Minimization in Batch Chemical Plants: Multiple Contaminant Media

25 Pages

Chapter 10

Adaptive Swarm-based Simulated Annealing for the Synthesis of Water Networks

19 Pages

Chapter 11

Optimal Wastewater Network Design

37 Pages

Section 3: Energy Conservation and Efficiency

280 Pages

Chapter 12

Clean Energy and CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage

48 Pages

Chapter 13

P-Graphs: An Efficient Process Synthesis Tool, Application to Fuel Cell-based Energy Generation

24 Pages

Chapter 14

A Process Integration Framework for the Optimal Design of Combined Heat and Power Systems in Process industries

39 Pages

Chapter 15

Design and Optimization of Low Temperature Energy Systems

21 Pages

Chapter 16

Indirect Heat Integration of Batch Processes

45 Pages

Chapter 17

Energy Efficiency and the Integration of Waste and Renewable Energy Sources

30 Pages

Chapter 18

A Novel Design Procedure for Solar Thermal Systems

16 Pages

Chapter 19

Energy Saving in Drying Processes

15 Pages

Chapter 20

Simultaneous Waste Heat Recovery and Emission Reduction in Gas /Oil Separation Plant

15 Pages

Chapter 21

Energy Management for the Process Industries

20 Pages

 

 

Appendix 1:The Procedure for Determining the Datum Level Materials

16 Pages

Appendix 2:Estimation of Specific Chemical Enthalpy, Entropy, and Exergy (Availability)

15 Pages

Appendix 3:Derivation of Mass , Energy, Entropy-dissipation and Available Energy Balances for an

Unsteady-state Open Flow System

13 Pages

Appendix 4:Estimation on Energy (Enthalpy) and Exergy (availability) Contents in Structurally

Complicated Materials

36 Pages

Appendix 5:Reaction –Network Synthesis via Graph Theoretic Method based on P-graphs

13 Pages

Appendix 6:Application of Sustainability Potential: Manufacture of Vinyl chloride

11 Pages

Appendix 7:Emergy and Exergy(Availability)

09 Pages

Appendix 8:Untitled

26 Pages

Appendix 9:Mathematical Models via Lingo 8.0

14 Pages

Appendix 10:Brief Manual – How to Code WWTN

10 Pages

 

978-981-4271-95-0This is an edited volume of 796 pages comprising 21 chapters and provides a compilation of the various recently developed techniques claiming to provide better chemical processes and products, with state-of-the-art contributions by some of the well-known researchers and professors in process design and optimization from Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. The chapters mostly are authored by university professors with the exception of only two contributors from industry or an organization out of the 24 contributors to this volume.

The motivation behind these contributions has been the fact that sustained economic growth is only possible by promoting sustainability which in turn can be achieved by improving the efficiency of processes that use of scarce resources like fossil fuels, metal ores and water which are abundantly used in modern industries. It is now realized that we cannot sustain growth unless we care about the environmental health. Therefore, pollution of land, water sources and air resulting from the industrial processes, do create their influence on environment whether at local, regional or global level and have become today the constraints on the design of the chemical engineering processes which were not taken into consideration by the earlier engineers.

A colossal loss of resources in the form of energy takes place at every stage of material realization, transport and by the industrial processes due to which environmental damage caused is very severe. According to the ICCA (International Council of Chemical Associations) report, energy-saving products installed in homes in the United States prevented nearly 283 million tons of CO2 emissions in 2010 – equivalent to the greenhouse gas emissions of 50 million passenger vehicles. Studies also show that if this trend continues, more than 7 billion tons of emissions can be avoided by 2050 in the U.S. alone – equivalent to the CO2 emissions of more than 1.2 billion passenger vehicles. Therefore, the engineers need to limit emission of greenhouse gases, and resort to use the energy conservation at every stage using all available means including promoting the use of renewable resources of energy. In short, the process engineers must explore all avenues to promote sustainability in industrial processes and optimize the design of process systems to improve sustainability.

This Handbook provides the state-of-the-art chapters from process system engineering community encompassing three broad areas viz., process modelling, material conservation and waste reduction, and lastly energy conservation and energy efficiency. The chapters deal with general environmental issues that arise from the consumption of scarce material and energy resources, and from the generation of industrial waste. The strategy to deal with these issues is to provide an integrated approach for pollution prevention based on systems engineering. This is going to be challenging job for process designers to design processes that will enhance the economic viability of the process industry and improve sustainability.

Besides providing the necessary theoretical background of process optimization, the Handbook also contains several practical industrial applications and will serve as a good resource of recent industrial experience to which the process design and optimization techniques were applied to enhance sustainability. This Handbook is a good contribution to the literature and is recommended to all process designer engineers and particularly to chemical engineers, who intend to do a bit towards improvement of sustainability of their systems.

 

- Krishna B Misra

 

 

Review published in the International Journal of Performability Engineering in Vol. 10, No. 4, June, 2014

 

 


 

 
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