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Method of DTM Extraction and Visualization using Threshold Segmentation and Mathematical Morphology

Volume 15, Number 3, March 2019, pp. 919-929
DOI: 10.23940/ijpe.19.03.p21.919929

Tianyong Wua, Yunsheng Zhaoa, and Xiang Lib

aFaculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, 430074, China
bSchool of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, 430074, China

(Submitted on October 25, 2018; Revised on November 23, 2018; Accepted on December 26, 2018)

Abstract:

LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) is a laser ranging technology that provides an efficient and convenient way to obtain the original data from DSM (Demand Side Management). The basic task of LiDAR is to separate the high quality DTM (Digital Terrain Model) from the DSM, and the accuracy and quality of the generated image are determined by the different filtering and interpolation algorithms. According to this, this paper presents a filtering algorithm based on the optimal threshold segmenting optimized by the erosion operation (OTS-EO) to improve the problem that the manually-set-height difference threshold is empirically affected. In order to overcome the deficiency of the distance-based IDP (Inverse Distance to a Power) interpolation algorithm, an interpolation algorithm based on elevation and distance weighting is proposed to obtain the DSM to be further filtered. In this paper, the original laser point cloud data near the Xinyan rode in Beijing is taken as an example, and the data is processed by the algorithm based on threshold segmentation and mathematical morphology (TSMM) to extract the DTM. Finally, the 3D visualization of DTM is realized by the program based on MFC and OpenGL. The experimental data and practices in engineering show that the TSMM algorithm can successfully separate and display the surface points and surface features and extract the DTM close to the real ground to provide the foundation for further research.

 

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