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Lithium-Ion Battery Management System for Electric Vehicles

Volume 14, Number 12, December 2018, pp. 3184-3194
DOI: 10.23940/ijpe.18.12.p28.31843194

Linjie Lia, Zhaojun Lib, Jingzhou Zhaob, and Wei Guoa

aDepartment of Industrial Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, China
bCollege of Enginerring, Western New England University, Springfiled, Massachusettes, 01119, USA

(Submitted on September 2, 2018; Revised on October 13, 2018; Accepted on November 14, 2018)

Abstract:

Lithium-ion batteries have been widely used as energy storage for electric vehicle (EV) due to their high power density and long lifetime. The high capacity and large quantity of battery cells in EV as well as the high standards of vehicle safety and reliability call for the agile and adaptive battery management system (BMS). BMS is one of the key technologies for electric vehicle development, which contributes to the overall performance of lithium-ion batteries in operations. Through a comprehensive literature review, this paper presents a review of lithium-ion battery management systems, including the main measurement parameters within a BMS, state estimation methods, cell equalization issues, thermal management strategies and research trends and progresses. The paper discusses and highlights the key factors and challenges with recommendations for the development of next generation of BMS technologies.

 

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