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Feature Dimension Reduction Optimization Algorithm for Massive Micro-Blog Data based on Hadoop

Volume 15, Number 6, June 2019, pp. 1518-1527
DOI: 10.23940/ijpe.19.06.p3.15181527

Haodong Zhu, Wenqi Li, and Hongchan Li

School of Computer and Communication Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou, 450002, China

(Submitted on March 10, 2019; Revised on April 5, 2019; Accepted on June 7, 2019)

Abstract:

For the micro-blog sentiment analysis problem in big data environments, the "dimension disaster" caused by the continuous increase in text information data brings great challenges to the emotional analysis of micro-blogs. To solve this problem, this paper proposes a fusion of the advantages of three feature dimensionality reduction algorithms, based on the traditional document frequency (DF), mutual information (MI), and chi-square test (CHI). Firstly, the document frequency factor is added to the mutual information (MI) algorithm to solve the problem of low-frequency word defects. Then, the standard score factor is added to the chi-square test (CHI) algorithm to solve the negative correlation problem. Finally, the average value is calculated and the advantages of the three algorithms are fused. An improved Proposed DF-MI-CHI fusion algorithm is proposed. The simulation results show that after using this algorithm to process the micro-blog data, the accuracy of sentiment analysis is improved and maintained at 95%. The recall rate is more than 90%, and the F value is maintained between 92% and 94%. In the % interval, it is higher than other improved algorithms and tends to be stable, which indicates that the algorithm can effectively improve the accuracy and efficiency of micro-blog emotional sentiment analysis when dealing with massive micro-blog text data.

 

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